This is my very first successful home-made beancurd! Nice eh? Behind this successful experiment lies many unsuccessful ones. They are mostly unsuccessful because the soymilk did not set enough and I think my use of gypsum which I bought from my Chinese medical hall back in Singapore is the main reason a beancurd was born in my kitchen.
For those who are lactose intolerant, soy bean products, and for that Sweden will be a good place to live because they provide many lactose free alternatives and they are about the same price or just slightly more expensive than normal products. I also have to give credit to these two sites : Uhandblog and Messy Vegetarian which provide very clear steps on what to do and what to expect. I also had my Fushia Dunlop's recipe for making flower beancurd so I adjusted to what suited me the most. The hardest thing to find for someone who wants to make your own tofu is the coagulant and I have tried nigari (from health food store) and gypsum and the latter works better. I also got some lactone from a baking supplies shop in Singapore and it is supposed to work too but I will let you know when I try with that.
300g soy beans, soaked overnight
1/2 tablespoon corn starch
1.5 teaspoon gypsum
1/2 cup cold water for blending the corn start and gypsum powder
Cold water for blending the soy beans with (2 cups of water for every cup of soy beans, 1.5 cups for the last cup of soy beans)
container for setting the tofu in which can drain off excess water
heavy objects like stones or cans or pestle
Large deep pot
- Drain the soaked soy beans and blend the beans with the amount cold water as stated above.
- Use a cheese cloth to strain the soy bean mixture, squeezing out as much soy milk as possible. The residue is called okara, which can be made into dishes or cookies. (Again, when I try it, I will post it up :p)
- Pour the soy milk into a deep pot. Boil the soy milk for at least 20-25 minutes and keep a close watch on it because it will be foamy and threaten to overflow very quickly once it reach heating point. I tend to stir it often and take it off the heat once in a while if I can't 'calm' it down. Prepare the coagulant mixture in a deep bowl by mixing 1/2 cup cold water with the cornstarch and gypsum meanwhile between the break from stirring.
- Let the soy milk cool to 85°C. If you like to set aside a bowl of soy milk, you may do so at this point of time. Stir the coagulant in the bowl first and then pour the remaining soy milk from a height straight into the bowl containing the coagulant mixture and leave it alone without stirring.
- When you see the tofu has set, you may scoop some out from the whey to be the flower bean curd and scoop the rest into the mould you have lined with a cheese cloth.
- Cover the soft bean curd and weigh heavy items on top of it to help press out the water. The longer you leave it to set, the firmer the beancurd will be.
- Use the beancurd immediately or store in the fridge to consume within the next few days.
- For the soy milk, it's nice to have it hot with some sugar added and dip a youtiao or two with it.
- For the flower beancurd, you can either make a simple sugar syrup to pour over it or a gula melaka/palm sugar one by melting them with some water and spoon it over for a nice sweet dessert.